112 Ocaña (19 November 1809)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 2.33 (3 Votes)
 29 %
Record a victory for BOTTOM ARMY  71 %
Total plays 34 - Last reported by Richards on 2022-12-18 05:10:05

Ocaña - 19 November 1809

Historical Background
The Spanish campaign of fall 1809 was unfolding successfully. The subsidiary Army of the Left had beaten the French at Tamames. Now the 55,000 man Army of La Mancha commanded by Juan de Aréizaga was a mere 35 miles from Madrid. The French were reacting quickly and soon assembled over 30,000 troops, with more approaching to cut off the Spaniards. Aréizaga realized the threat and began to fall back, but not quickly enough. The French army, under the tactical command of Marshal Soult, brought the Spanish army to bay near the village of Ocaña where it deployed in terrain unfavorable for the defense. The Spanish center and right were formed on an open plain – excellent terrain for the French cavalry. On the 19th Soult ordered Sebastiani to attack the Spanish right flank infantry with his German and Polish divisions. When the infantry was fully engaged, Milhaud’s French cavalry attacked Freire’s cavalry, severely battered in the previous day’s cavalry battle, and quickly routed the Spanish horse. Meanwhile the Spanish were funneling reinforcements to the right and began to press back Sebastiani’s troops. The Spanish advantage was only temporary. Soon the victorious French cavalry, including the feared diablos Polacos (the Polish Vistula Legion lancers), fell upon the rear of the Spanish right flank infantry. In minutes three Spanish divisions ceased to exist.
Marshal Soult advanced infantry on the newly exposed Spanish center divisions, pinning them in place. Soon the French cavalry descended on these troops too, scattering them to the wind. Dessolles’ division then stormed Ocaña, and all remaining Spanish formations fled except for Zayas’ division. It attempted to cover the Spanish retreat, and retained its formation for several miles, but it too collapsed later in the day to a French cavalry pursuit that could not be stopped. Over 5,000 Spaniards were casualties and another 14,000 were captured, along with virtually all of the army’s artillery.
The stage is set. The battle lines are drawn and you are in command. Can you change history?


Set-Up Order

Forest 8
Town 3


Battle Notes

Spanish Army
• Commander: Aréizaga
• 4 Command Cards
• Optional 3 Tactician Cards


Line Infantry Light Infantry Grenadier Infantry Light Cavalry Heavy Cavalry Foot Artillery Leader
9 1 1 2 1 1 4

French Army
• Commander: Soult
• 5 Command Cards
• Optional 5 Tactician Cards
• Move First

Line Infantry Light Infantry Heavy Cavalry Lancer Cavalry Foot Artillery Leader
8 2 2 1 1 4


6 Banners

Special Rules
The Spanish Guerrilla Action rule is in effect. The Spanish player does not start the battle with any Guerrilla counters.

Tags: Expansion 1, Banners: 6, Army: French, Army: Spanish, Special Rule: Guerrilla

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Richards's Avatar
Richards replied the topic: #8027 1 month 2 weeks ago
French win six to four after twenty-four turns. French were a bloody mess by the end of it though... not a single French unit was at full strength by the end of the game; most were reduced to under 50%.
LARS's Avatar
LARS replied the topic: #6951 2 years 2 weeks ago
Milhaud runs down the Spanish heavy cavalry. Soult victorious 6-2. The Spanish had only two cards with which activate their right flank. Freire is suspected of treason.
keithabarker's Avatar
keithabarker replied the topic: #3994 6 years 2 months ago
Yes the Polish Lancers, you certainly don't want to fight without them!
Mark-McG's Avatar
Mark-McG replied the topic: #3993 6 years 2 months ago
Should be a LNCR, I've fixed that up now. Thanks
keithabarker's Avatar
keithabarker replied the topic: #3992 6 years 2 months ago
The list of French units contains GHC but I don't think that is correct. Can't find them anywhere on the map!
Tarheel's Avatar
Tarheel replied the topic: #3638 6 years 8 months ago
Played twice. We each played the Spanish. Result was 6-1 France each time. Im surprised that there are 30% Spanish wins recorded. Many of these were probably pre-GMT because we felt the 5-3 tactician card advantage actually was a signifcant feature for the french.
Achtung-Panzer's Avatar
Achtung-Panzer replied the topic: #673 11 years 4 days ago
Played this one for the first time. The Lancers were devastating with a Mounted Charge card, sweeping away both Spanish cavalry units on the flank. However the battle was won by the Spanish when the French Heavy Cavalry failed to break two Spanish Infantry units, who formed square, and then hit one of the French HC units with a Combined Arms attack.

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