101 Bailén (19 July 1808)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.93 (7 Votes)
 52 %
Record a victory for BOTTOM ARMY  48 %
Total plays 132 - Last reported by krimer on 2022-08-17 22:58:29

Bailén - 19 July 1808

Historical Background
Large areas of Spain had rebelled against the French invasion. Dupont’s French Corps advanced to occupy Cordoba and Sevilla. Most of Dupont’s troops were newly formed conscript units. Soon Dupont found himself facing General Francisco de Castaños’ force of 30,000 men to his front, and harassing guerilla forces that cut his line of communications until a reinforcing French division re-opened it. Fearing that his communications would be cut again, Dupont retreated, but did so too slowly, encumbered by a long baggage train. Half of Castaños’ army under Reding executed a decisive flank march that placed them on high ground at Bailén, squarely across Dupont’s line of retreat. Dupont remained unaware of their presence until too late.
On July 19th Dupont’s advance guard (Chabert’s brigade) made contact with Reding’s defensive line. Without reconnaisance, Chabert sent his 3,000 infantry and cuirassiers forward against three times their numbers. The attack was driven back. Most of Dupont’s corps marched behind the baggage train, making reinforcement difficult. Arriving units were thrown into a second French attack piecemeal, and were again repulsed. Dupont arrived on the field and assumed command. Led by the Marines of the Guard, the third understrength French attack also failed. Adding insult to injury, most of Dupont’s Swiss infantry, originally in Spanish service, deserted back to their former employers. With no additional reserves and the rest of Castaños’ Spanish army moving in behind the French, Dupont surrendered.
The stage is set. The battle lines are drawn and you are in command. Can you change history?


Set-Up Order

Forest 7
Hill 15
River 2
RiverBend 3
RiverEnd 1
RiverY 1


Battle Notes

Spanish Army
• Commander: Castaños
• 5 Command Cards
• Optional 3 Tactician Cards

Line Infantry Light Infantry Grenadier Infantry Light Cavalry Heavy Cavalry Foot Artillery Leader   Line Infantry Leader
5 2 1 2 2 2 1   2 1

French Army
• Commander: Dupont
• 5 Command Cards
• Optional 2 Tactician Cards
• Move First

Line Infantry Grenadier Infantry Militia Infantry Light Cavalry Cuirassier Cavalry Heavy Cavalry Foot Artillery Leader   Line Infantry Leader
4 1 2 2 1 1 2 2   4 1


7 Banners

Special Rules
The entire Rumblar River is fordable.

The Spanish Guerrilla Action rule is in effect. The Spanish player does not start with any Guerrilla counters.

French Swiss: Use British line infantry blocks for the units and a British leader for their leader.
Spanish Swiss: Use Brown Portuguese line infantry blocks for the units and a Portuguese leader for their leader.
Both Spanish and French Swiss line infantry units have 5 blocks each. All Swiss infantry units that move and engage in ranged combat battle with one-half the number of blocks rounding down. They melee with one die per block and retreat one hex per flag. When two French Swiss infantry units are eliminated, the 2 remaining French Swiss units are immediately removed from the battlefield. Their removal will not count as Victory Banners for the Spanish player.

Historic Note:
Swiss regiments were highly regarded mercenaries purchased from the Swiss Cantons for service in European armies. The Spanish Swiss regiments were uniformed in blue coats. Napoleon‘s Swiss regiments were uniformed in red coats. At Bailén, Castaños’ army had one Swiss regiment, the 3rd “Jung” Reding. Dupont’s French corps had 5 Swiss battalions: One Swiss battalion in French service, and four in the Spanish Swiss regiments 2nd “Alt” Reding and 6th Preux. When the French occupied Madrid, both regiments were coerced into French service. During the second French attack both of the Reding regiments came face-to-face and blazed away at each other. After the third French attack, the survivors of the 2nd and 6th Swiss regiments bolted en masse over to the Spanish lines. No longer trusted by either side, both regiments were quickly disbanded. Swiss policy about regimental deployment changed after the deadly Swiss against Swiss battle at Bailén.

Tags: Expansion 1, Banners: 7, Army: French, Army: Spanish, Special Rule: Guerrilla, Special Rule: Swiss Infantry

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NightOwl3 replied the topic: #7242 1 year 5 months ago
Spanish win 7-2 with great tactics cards. The French attack on the Spanish Left failed. The Spanish used a bayonet charge to stop momentum on the French Left. There followed some CAV attack by both on the French Left. Both sides had squares. In the end the Spanish Swiss had the upper hand. One vp for the Spanish was a French leader. At the end of the game, the French Swiss also broke.
LARS's Avatar
LARS replied the topic: #6893 1 year 10 months ago
Stunned... A 7-4 Spanish win. Castaños has incredible luck and Dupont achieved his historic disgrace. A cavalry charge destroyed the French heavies and a full battery in a matter of minutes.
pmiranda-napoleonics's Avatar
pmiranda-napoleonics replied the topic: #6639 2 years 2 months ago
I second the question! What happens to Schramm when the remaining Swiss leave the field?
alecrespi's Avatar
alecrespi replied the topic: #6213 2 years 10 months ago
Fixed this replacing scenario picture with the corrected one from Mark!
Thank you.
g1ul10's Avatar
g1ul10 replied the topic: #6174 2 years 11 months ago
The position of the French artillery units is wrong. They should me moved one hex to the right.
sushidog replied the topic: #5389 4 years 3 months ago
When the two French Swiss blocks are removed due to the first two being eliminated, is the French Swiss leader removed as well? I'm saying no by strict reading of the scen special rules, but it feels like it should be removed.
Mark-McG's Avatar
Mark-McG replied the topic: #998 9 years 9 months ago
Ladder #3 match
10 Matches played
French 4 wins
Allies 6 wins

Random Quote

The secret of war lies in the communications.~Napoleon