622 Tegyra (375 BC)
In 379 BC, an insurrection ejected the Spartan garrison at Thebes, and the city set about reestablishing its control over the Boeotian League. After several years, the Thebans succeeded in driving Spartan garrisons out of every city in Boeotia, except Orchomenus. In 375 BC, Pelopidas set out with the Sacred Band and a small force of cavalry to seize Orchomenus. However, learning that a sizable force had been dispatched from Sparta to reinforce the garrison there, Pelopidas retreated. Before the Thebans could reach safety, they encountered the Spartan reinforcements. The Spartans fielded over 1,000 men; the Thebans, only 300. Plutarch reports that one Theban soldier, upon seeing the enemy force, said to Pelopidas “We are fallen into our enemies’ hands”, to which he replied “And why not they into ours?” Pelopidas then ordered the Theban cavalry to charge, while the infantry formed up into a dense formation. When the two forces came together, the compact Theban formation broke through the Spartan line and then turned to attack the Spartans to either side. The Spartan force broke and fled. The Theban victory had little immediate military significance. However, it marked the first occasion on which a Spartan formation had been defeated by a force of equal or lesser size in a set battle.
The stage is set. The battle lines are drawn and you are in command. Can you change history?
Theban Army (Use Greek light blue blocks)
• Leader: Pelopidas
• 6 Command Cards
• Move First
Spartan Army (Use Spartan orange and bronze Hoplite blocks)
• Leader: Gorgoleon
• 4 Command Cards
• A Theban unit or leader that exits off the Spartan side of the battlefield in between the hill hexes, counts as one Victory Banner for the Theban player.
• All Theban foot units belong to the Sacred Band. These Sacred Band units will score a hit for each leader symbol rolled in close combat (even when leader is not attached or adjacent), and may ignore one flag. Special blocks are not needed.
• The Hoplite Infantry Rule is in effect.
• Two Spartan units are special bronze five block MH units.